Hilltop Mall: A New Horizon in Richmond, CA

The Dawn of Hilltop Mall

In Richmond, California, a beacon of commerce and community once stood tall and proud. The Hilltop Mall, a sprawling retail complex spanning over 1.1 million square feet, opened its doors in September 1976.

Developed by the renowned A. Alfred Taubman, the mall was initially anchored by three major department stores: JCPenney, Capwell’s, and Macy’s. These stores, along with a plethora of smaller retailers, made Hilltop Mall a one-stop shopping destination for the residents of Richmond and beyond.

The mall’s grand opening was a significant event, drawing crowds from all over the region. It symbolized economic growth and prosperity, a testament to the city’s progress.

Hilltop Mall in 2018

The mall’s design, with its wide corridors and spacious stores, reflected the era’s architectural trends. It was more than just a shopping center; it was a social hub where people gathered, shopped, and created memories.

The Mall’s Impact on Richmond

The establishment of Hilltop Mall had a profound impact on Richmond’s downtown area. The mall’s allure drew customers away from the city center, leading to the closure of several major national chain stores downtown.

The Hilltop Mall Cinemas and the Century 16 Hilltop, added later, further solidified the mall’s status as a central hub for entertainment and shopping in Richmond, California.

However, the mall’s success was not without its consequences. The shift in retail activity from the city center to the mall led to a decline in downtown foot traffic.

This ripple effect on the local economy, with small businesses struggling to compete with the mall’s vast offerings. Despite these challenges, the city adapted and evolved, seeking new ways to revitalize the downtown area.

A Period of Change and Challenge

Over the years, Hilltop Mall underwent several changes. The Emporium store closed its doors, allowing Sears to join the mall’s roster of anchor stores. Ownership of the mall also changed hands multiple times, moving from GM Pension Trust to Simon Property Group.

However, the mall faced its fair share of challenges. A loan default led to the appointment of Jones Lang LaSalle as the manager, marking a tumultuous period in the mall’s history.

Arial view of the Hilltop Mall
Arial View of the Hilltop Mall” by the City of Richmond is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

The mall’s struggles were not unique. Across the country, traditional shopping malls were grappling with changing consumer behaviors and the rise of online shopping. Despite these challenges, Hilltop Mall remained a fixture in the community, symbolizing resilience in adversity.

Revitalization Attempts and the Impact of the Pandemic

The closure of JCPenney marked the beginning of a series of attempts to revitalize the mall. LBG Real Estate Companies and Aviva Investors proposed ambitious plans to transform the mall into the Shops at Hilltop and the Hilltop by the Bay development.

However, these plans never came to fruition, leaving the mall in a state of uncertainty.

The COVID-19 pandemic dealt a severe blow to Hilltop Mall. Planned tenants, including the 99 Ranch Market, withdrew their commitments, and Sears, one of the mall’s longstanding anchor stores, closed its doors. The mall was forced to shut down during the pandemic, leaving its future unchanged.

The Closure of the Hilltop Mall and a New Beginning

In a significant turn of events, the mall was sold to Prologis, a leader in logistics real estate. Plans were announced for the mall’s demolition, signaling the end of an era. Following the closure of Macy’s in March 2021, Walmart remained the sole traditional anchor store. However, by April 2021, the mall had been permanently closed.

Yet, even with its closure, Hilltop Mall paved the way for new beginnings. The site was not left to decay but was instead earmarked for a new development project.

The end of Hilltop Mall marked the start of a new chapter in the site’s history, a testament to the growth, decline, and rebirth cycle that characterizes urban landscapes.

Closure of the Hilltop Mall in 2021

Hilltop Horizon: A Vision for the Future

Despite the mall’s closure, the site’s future is far from bleak. The City of Richmond has embarked on an ambitious project to transform the area into Hilltop Horizon. This project aims to convert the site from a low-intensity auto-oriented retail center into a higher-intensity, mixed-use destination.

The community is actively involved in planning, with several events lined up to gather public input. The Hilltop Horizon development promises to breathe new life into the site, marking a new chapter in its history.

The Hilltop Horizon project reflects the city’s commitment to sustainable development and community engagement. It represents a shift from traditional retail-centric planning to a more holistic approach incorporating residential, commercial, and recreational spaces. The project is a testament to the city’s resilience and ability to adapt and evolve in the face of change.


The story of Hilltop Mall is a testament to the ever-changing nature of commerce and community. From its early days as a bustling shopping center to its transformation into Hilltop Horizon, the site has been a significant part of Richmond’s landscape.

As we look forward to the future, we nostalgia the mall that once was and eagerly anticipates the vibrant community that Hilltop Horizon promises to be.

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