The Architectural Marvel of Hornibrook Mansion
Nestled in the heart of Little Rock, Arkansas, the Hornibrook Mansion is a testament to the grandeur of Victorian-era architecture. Completed in 1888, this architectural masterpiece was designed by the renowned duo Max Orlopp and Casper Kusener.
The house, constructed exclusively with materials sourced from Arkansas, cost a substantial $20,000 at the time—a clear indicator of its lavish design and intricate detailing.
The Hornibrook Mansion is widely celebrated as the pinnacle of Queen Anne–style architecture in the state. Its design is a harmonious blend of aesthetics and craftsmanship, featuring a picturesque silhouette that captures the essence of the Victorian period.
The house’s exterior is a visual feast, boasting a one-story wraparound porch adorned with exquisite woodwork.
The paneled brick chimneys and various window designs add to the structure’s unique character, while the interior, with its parquet floors and stunning stained-glass skylight, is equally impressive.
One of the most striking features of the Hornibrook Mansion is its irregular floor plan, which spans over 7,200 sq ft. The main building stands at two and a half stories, crowned by a three-and-a-half-story tower that adds a touch of majesty to the property.
This architectural gem showcases the artistic vision of its creators and reflects Little Rock’s rich cultural heritage. For those exploring the city, discovering the Hornibrook Mansion is undoubtedly among the top things to do in Little Rock, Arkansas.
As the house approaches its 136th anniversary, it continues to symbolize architectural excellence and historical significance. The Hornibrook Mansion is not just a building; it’s a narrative of artistry, ambition, and the timeless appeal of Victorian architecture preserved in the heart of Arkansas.
James H. Hornibrook: The Man Behind the Mansion
James H. Hornibrook, the visionary behind the Hornibrook Mansion, embarked on his journey from Toronto to Little Rock in 1867, driven by ambition and keen business acumen.
In Little Rock, he partnered with Miles Q. Townsend, venturing into the lucrative saloon and liquor business. Their enterprise flourished for over two decades, marking a period of prosperity and growth in the post-Civil War era.
Hornibrook’s success in the liquor trade allowed him to amass considerable wealth, which he decided to invest in constructing a residence that would mirror his achievements and status.
The Hornibrook Mansion, therefore, was not just a home but a statement of success, a testament to Hornibrook’s journey from a businessman to a prominent figure in Little Rock’s society.
Despite his prosperity, Hornibrook faced societal challenges, being shunned from the elite Scott Street society due to his saloon business. This, however, did not deter him. Instead, it fueled his ambition to build a dwelling that would surpass all in grandeur and elegance.
Tragically, Hornibrook’s time in his dream home was short-lived. He passed away in 1890 at 49, just two years after the mansion’s completion. His death was sudden and occurred under dramatic circumstances – he suffered an “apoplectic stroke” at the mansion’s front gate after hosting an event at his saloon.
The legacy of James H. Hornibrook lived on through the mansion, a structure that encapsulated his dreams, aspirations, and the indomitable spirit of an era.
A House of Many Roles: From Mansion to College to Bed and Breakfast
The Hornibrook Mansion’s journey through time is a narrative of transformation and resilience. After the demise of James and Margaret Hornibrook, the mansion transitioned through various roles, each adding a layer to its rich history.
In 1897, the mansion embarked on a new chapter as the Arkansas Women’s College, the first in the state. This marked a significant shift in the mansion’s role from a private residence to an institution of learning and empowerment.
However, the Great Depression cast shadows over the mansion, leaving it vacant and silent during the early 1940s. Its revival came in 1948 when it was repurposed as a nursing home, once again serving the community in a new capacity. The mansion’s adaptability to the changing times is a testament to its robust construction and the timeless appeal of its architecture.
In 1994, a new era dawned for the Hornibrook Mansion. It was meticulously restored and transformed into The Empress, a bed and breakfast that offered guests a blend of historical elegance and modern luxury.
This transition marked the mansion’s renaissance, becoming a beacon of hospitality and a cherished landmark in Little Rock. The Hornibrook Mansion, through its various incarnations, has not only stood the test of time but has also served as a versatile space, adapting and evolving with the changing tides of history.
The Restoration Saga: Preserving Hornibrook Mansion
The restoration of the Hornibrook Mansion is a tale of dedication and meticulous craftsmanship. In 1993, Sharon Welch-Blair and Robert Blair took on the monumental task of restoring the mansion to its original Victorian splendor.
The project was renovating and reviving the mansion’s historical essence and architectural integrity. The Blairs faced the challenge of removing modern additions accumulated over the years, including walls, bathrooms, and an elevator, which were outside the original design.
Their commitment to authenticity guided every step of the restoration process. The original floor plan was reinstated, and every effort was made to preserve the mansion’s unique features, such as the parquet floors, stained-glass skylight, and intricate woodwork on the wraparound porch.
The restoration was not merely about restoring the physical structure but about reviving the soul of the mansion, ensuring that every corner and detail echoed the vision of its original creators, Max Orlopp and Casper Kusener.
The restoration of the Hornibrook Mansion was a journey back in time, a labor of love that reinstated the mansion as a landmark of architectural and historical significance in Little Rock.
The project set a precedent for historical preservation, showcasing how heritage structures can be brought back to life, preserving their essence for future generations to admire and learn from.
The Empress of Little Rock: A Modern-Day Retreat
Today, the Hornibrook Mansion, known as The Empress of Little Rock, is a beacon of luxury and history, offering guests an unparalleled experience.
The Empress has garnered acclaim as a bed and breakfast for its unique blend of historic elegance and modern comfort. Each room in the mansion is a testament to the Victorian era’s grandeur, with attention to detail that ensures an immersive experience for the guests.
The Empress is not just a place to stay; it’s an experience, a journey into the past with the comforts of the present. Guests are treated to a blend of warm hospitality and a glimpse into Little Rock’s rich history.
The mansion’s location also makes it a prime spot for exploring the city, with easy access to local attractions, dining, and entertainment options.
The transformation of the Hornibrook Mansion into The Empress of Little Rock is a story of revival and innovation. It showcases how historical structures can be repurposed, providing modern-day amenities while preserving their historical essence.
The Empress of Little Rock is more than a bed and breakfast; it’s a custodian of history, a luxurious retreat, and a testament to the timeless appeal of the Hornibrook Mansion.
The Hornibrook Mansion’s Haunted Legacy
The mansion’s history is as rich as its architectural details. Hornibrook’s death, occurring shortly after the mansion’s completion, sets the stage for the following eerie tales.
The mansion’s journey through time saw it transform from a stately home to a women’s college. A nursing home, and eventually a luxury bed and breakfast, gathering layers of history and, some say, spectral residents.
Visitors and staff have reported numerous paranormal happenings, painting a vivid picture of a dwelling where the past seems to linger. There are reports of sightings of a period-dressed man donning a top hat, thought to be Mr. Hornibrook himself, drifting down the mansion’s grand staircase.
A painter working on the property once found himself inexplicably locked out of the attic room he was restoring, despite the absence of a lock on the door, only to return and find the door open and the apparition of the top-hatted man before him.
Further adding to the mansion’s mystique, a previous owner, Sharon Welch Blair, recounted that guests had experienced unsettling occurrences such as hearing footsteps approaching their room, followed by their door handle jiggling and the door opening, yet revealing no one on the other side.
The Hornibrook House’s blend of historical grandeur and chilling tales makes it a fascinating subject for those intrigued by architecture, history, and the paranormal.
Its reputation as one of the most haunted places in Arkansas only adds to its allure. It invites the brave to explore its majestic halls and perhaps encounter a glimpse of its spectral past.
Hornibrook Mansion in the Community: Events and Recognition
Beyond its architectural splendor, the Hornibrook Mansion has played a pivotal role in the cultural and social fabric of Little Rock. Its presence extends beyond its physical boundaries, contributing significantly to the community through various events and programs.
The mansion has hosted numerous cultural gatherings, weddings, and social events, making it a central hub for community engagement and celebration.
The Hornibrook Mansion’s recognition as a historical landmark is a testament to its significance in Arkansas’s architectural history. Its inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places on July 30, 1974, underscores its architectural and historical value.
This recognition has helped preserve the mansion and elevated its status as a symbol of heritage and pride for the people of Little Rock.
The mansion’s role in promoting local tourism cannot be overstated. As a landmark, it attracts visitors nationwide, contributing to the local economy and raising awareness about the region’s rich history.
The Hornibrook Mansion’s integration into the community’s cultural landscape demonstrates how historical structures can serve as living monuments, actively contributing to the community’s vibrancy and identity.